EU leaders are expecting a supper on Thursday night with a rather heavy course: connections with Turkey.
They’re expected to request the preparation of further sanctions against the nation, after an earlier decision in a meeting in October.
However, it will not be simple to agree just how far to proceed.
It educates Josep Borrell, the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs,” to submit a study on the state of play” including possible sanctions from the March 2021 European Council meeting in the latest.
However, Greece is far from happy with this particular wording, meaning discussions are certain to be difficult.
In the leaders’ summit in October, the European Council decided to provide some wiggle room for dialog and gave Turkey before this month to relieve anxieties.
It started at the time that”in case of renewed unilateral activities or provocations in breach of global law [from Turkey], the EU will utilize all of the tools and alternatives at its disposal to defend its interests and those of its member countries.”
Greece needs sanctions that could vary from sectoral steps that would hit critical Turkish financial industries.
This might include banking, power, and tourism, in addition to an arms embargo that forbids EU member nations from exporting or selling arms and military gear.
Not a unified image
Some European Union countries have put in place a semi annual arms exports ban Turkey because of 2019 more than its offensive in northern Syria, even as a bloc-wide embargo from a NATO ally fell short.
Germany, the country which holds the rotating presidency of the EU, doesn’t concur with imposing tough sanctions, even though its attempts to bring Greece and Turkey into the bargaining table have been neglected.
However, Italy and Spain do not need to toughen their standing together with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan either.
Italy is nearer to Turkey’s standing than France’s about the civil war, while Spain exports military equipment to Turkey and it enormously vulnerable to Turkish banks, carrying nearly $53 billion from the nation’s debt.
Hungary can also be thought to be a friendly state to Turkey: its foreign minister Peter Szijarto seen Ankara only a couple of days ahead of the EU summit stressing that”Europe’s safety is at Turkey’s hands”.
French diplomats, before the EU summit, were saying that they needed a definite orientation towards sanctions and the EU’s response had to be plausible.
The continued branch on Cyprus
Ankara has also reignited tensions in Cyprus last month, following Erdoğan is known as a”two-state” alternative on the island, which has been divided since Turkey invaded in 1974 in response to some Greek-backed coup.
The EU and United Nations encourage the formation of a federation of two countries to resolve the battle.
Tough language is likely by EU leaders about the choice to start a fenced-off part of the Greek Cypriot city of Varosha, a one-time luxury hotel that turned into a ghost town across the UN buffer zone in 1974.
There happen to be sanctions set up seeing Turkish drilling for oil in a component of the Mediterranean Sea which Cyprus believes its exclusive economic zone.
Turkey disputes that the Cypriot position.
Back in September, Cyprus blocked an EU choice over sanctions from the Belarusian regime to push their needs from Turkey, together with leaders eventually appearing to be prepared to currently meet a few of their requirements with the addition of titles to the record.
The most recent draft speaking about an invitation to the Council”to embrace extra listings” given “Turkey’s unauthorized drilling activities in the Eastern Mediterranean” is speaking to the regime adopted in 2019 for Cyprus.
In general, this isn’t likely to be a simple night together with the EU Leaders anticipated to struggle in a”tug of war” to be able to safeguard their national interests.