Archaeologists have found two beehive-shaped tombs comprising ancient treasure troves that could help unlock secrets about life in ancient Greece.
The Bronze Age tombs were found in Pylos from the south of the nation, and comprise engraved jewelry, cultural artifacts, and a great deal of gold.
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati made the discovery when searching the region close to the tomb of their so-called Griffin Warrior, which was discovered in 2015.
It’s taken archaeologists 18 weeks to excavate both beehive-shaped tombs, which they stated were littered with golden flakes that had decorated the walls. One of the paintings discovered was a golden ring constituting two bulls flanked by sheaves of grain.
“It is an intriguing scene of animal husbandry – cows combined with grain production. “As far as we all know, it is the sole representation of grain from the artwork of Crete or even Minoan civilization.”
They also discovered artworks of mythical creatures, like the lion-like genii.
“Like using the Griffin Warrior tomb, after this first week we knew we had something which was significant,” explained Sharon Stocker, who supervised the excavation.
The Griffin Warrior is named after the mythical monster inscribed on an ivory plaque on his grave, which comprised invaluable items of art, armor, and weaponry.
The recently discovered tombs also paint an image of accumulated wealth and standing, said Stocker.
“I feel these are likely people who were quite complicated for their time,” she explained. “They’ve come from a spot in history in which there were several luxury items and bought goods. And all a sudden in the time of this initial tholos tombs, luxury things appear in Greece.
“You’ve got this burst of wealth. Folks are vying for energy. It is the formative years which will give increase to the Age of Greece.”
“It was just like going back into the Mycenaean Period. They’d put them in the walls of their tombs and we had been carrying them out,” Stocker said. “It was lots of work”
“It’s been 50 years since any significant tombs of this kind have been discovered at any given Bronze Age palatial website. That causes this exceptional,” Davis stated.