The German government’s proposed reform to protect against the nation’s parliament – currently among the planets largest – from expanding farther was lauded on Wednesday. Opposition parties slammed the proposition as a half-hearted step that would not fix the issues facing the nation’s electoral system.
Germany’s complicated system is supposed to make sure that election results accurately reflect voters’ decisions and produce lawmakers with strong ties to their community place.
But, it’s an inconvenient side-effect: the Bundestag, or lower house, changes in size and can be far bigger than the minimal 598 lawmakers. It now has a list of 709 members, marginally over the European Parliament. Germany’s increasingly fractured political landscape dangers making it larger still, inducing more expense and generating space difficulties.
The problem has become increasingly pressing as the upcoming national election is expected in a calendar year, with parties extended deadlocked on how best to solve it.
How voting works
Each German voter has two votes: one to get a directly elected candidate, another for a party record. Half the seats visit straight elected lawmakers, one for all the 299 constituencies, that are chosen by a simple majority.
Another 299 chairs, at least, visit applicants elected on party lists. That vote is crucial since it determines the proportion of seats each party wins at the lower house, which then elects the chancellor.
When a party wins more seats through the direct vote than it might get under the party vote, it retains the additional chairs — but the machine also adds chairs for different parties to make sure the proportional vote is mirrored properly.
The present governing parties won all those directly elected seats. They’re traditionally Germany’s largest but have observed their service sink in the last couple of decades, which effectively has demanded more chairs to be added into parliament.
The new proposal chiefly involves keeping the number of constituencies unchanged from the 2021 election however marginally reducing the number of additional chairs. From the time of this 2025 election, it requires the number of constituencies to be trimmed to 280. A reform commission is supposed to generate a thorough strategy.
Opposition parties weren’t impressed with all the governing parties’ proposals.