Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body becomes resistant to use insulin properly and slowly loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. People with type 2 diabetes are called as insulin resistant because their body isn’t able to use insulin the right way.
Potential Life Threating Disease
With the increased number of instances coming across the globe, type 2 diabetes may become one of the biggest life threatening health issues in next ten years or so. It calls for immediate attention by the young generation since this type of diabetes starts quite early in some cases even in childhood.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are hardly serious enough to be noticed. These develop slowly and can be present in your body for years without you getting to know about it. These include but are not limited to:
- Feeling too thirsty
- Increased appetite
- Frequent urination
- Feeling tired
- Distorting vision
- Wounds not healing for long
- Infections that keep recurring
- Dark patchy skin areas
- Leg cramps
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
While the exact causes of type 2 diabetes are not yet certain, it is prone to few bodily conditions below:
- Genetic factor – This is dependent on your genes. People with diabetes n the family have a genetic disposition to the disease.
- Overweight – Being overweight can result in resistance of insulin in one’s body. Also the childhood obesity, seen as one of the major health issues in today’s generation makes children too susceptible of this disease.
- Presence of other syndromes – Usually type 2 diabetes people have been seen having other complications like hypertension, retinopathy, erectile dysfunction.
Some other factors prone to type 2 diabetes
- Being Inactive – This is another contributing factor to this disease. Lack of physical activity increases weight, resulting in insufficient use of insulin in the body.
- Age – While few years back it was observant mostly in people close to 45 years of age, it is now a days increasing vividly in children and adolescents too.
- Prediabetes- It is a condition in which blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. However it left untreated, prediabetes often results in type 2 diabetes.
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – Amongst women, this is one of the major factors for type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes – Another factor related to women is gestational diabetes which if developed during pregnancy increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Prevention of Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease. Thus timely knowledge about the ailment can help one in preventing it. It is chiefly avoidable by taking care of simple things which revolve around our lifestyle. Keeping a check on weight, eating healthy balanced diet, maintaining a daily routine of exercise are some simple actions that we should incorporate in our daily routine as early as possible.