Last updated on September 25, 2019
Italy’s top court would be to explain the nation’s position on assisted suicide this Wednesday in a landmark case which has divided public opinion.
The constitutional court was requested to inspect the event of Fabiano Antoniani, aka DJ Fabo, a music producer, abandoned tetraplegic and blind with a traffic accident five decades back.
Marco Cappato, a part of Italy’s Radical Party, drove Antoniani into Switzerland in February 2017 where he had been helped to expire, aged 40.
Cappato subsequently turned himself into the Italian government after his”act of civil disobedience” to emphasize what he saw as an unfair law.
He pointed out that assisted suicide has been earmarked for those who have the financial and physical means to go to Switzerland, where assisted suicide is legal.
“I feel as though I am in a cage. I’d love to decide to die without discomfort,” Antoniani had composed to Italian President Sergio Mattarella before his departure in Switzerland.
A Milan court is attempting Capatto about the cost of”instigating or helping suicide”, but requested the Italian Constitutional Court to describe the present law.
The courtroom last October gave parliament a year to fill a legal void about the query, but MPs haven’t done so.
A new government was sworn in last week following a month of political chaos, and debating assisted suicide isn’t among its priorities.
“The present legal framework regarding the ending of life lacked specific scenarios… of sufficient protection,” the court wrote.
The court can decide to give lawmakers more time to think of a proposal to fulfill the legal void or only decide that lawmakers need to take into consideration.
Pope speaks out
“We can and we have to deny the temptation, which can be favored by legislative acts, to use medication to fulfill a sick individual’s potential wish to perish,” the pope told a delegation from the Italian Physicians Purchase.
The court case will revolve around aided suicide, without mentioning euthanasia. The most important difference lies in who plays the deadly act.
Euthanasia is an act aimed at intentionally causing the death of a patient together with all the will of the latter with a third party, typically a physician. Active euthanasia is when a deadly shot is practiced. Passive euthanasia is when a life-saving medication is suspended, for example, artificial hydration.
Euthanasia may be voluntary if it’s asked by the individual, or also, it can state the wishes of a third party, like a kid.
Assisted suicide is the process selected by Dj Fabo in 2017. In these circumstances, the individual asks the physician to prescribe him some medication that he or she will choose to ingest. Thus the physician doesn’t act directly but aids the individual by cooperating with him.
Switzerland, Germany, Finland, and Austria let physician-assisted passing under certain situations.
Countries like Spain, Sweden, England, Italy, Hungary, and Norway permit passive euthanasia under strict conditions.