The exile of Spain’s former King Juan Carlos I amid new corruption allegations is a jolt to the nation where he reigned for nearly four years has played a critical role in the transition from dictatorship to democracy.
Juan Carlos was dressed by General Francisco Franco as his successor.
But rather than continuing the type of authoritarian system Spain had understood under the dictator, the new king immediately caused reforms, dismantling the old regime and allowing the nation to grow under a constitutional monarchy.
For decades he had been extremely hot but in later years became tainted by scandals that progressively damaged the Spanish monarchy’s reputation.
Below are a few of the essential events demonstrating the effect the ex-king has had in Spain, from his coronation from the 1970s into the statement on Monday of his choice to leave the nation.
Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain on November 22, two weeks following the departure of General Franco who had dominated the nation because his forces won the 1936-39 Spanish Civil War.
The grandson of the last king before the monarchy was abolished in 1931, he was picked by the dictator to keep his legacy.
Since Prince of Spain, Juan Carlos was obliged to declare devotion to Franco’s motion and frequently appeared together with the overall, praising his album.
But, unbeknown to the aging pioneer near the end of the rule, the prince met secretly with resistance leaders and exiles, and after the king, he moved fast to introduce reform.
1976 — 1978
Juan Carlos disregarded Spain’s Francoist prime minister in July 1976 and substituted him with all the little-known politician and attorney Adolfo Suarez.
The following months saw that the legalization of all previously-banned political parties, such as the Socialists and Communists, despite strong resistance from the right-wing army. The procedure saw the government left to recognize the monarchy.
In May 1977 Juan Carlos’ father, seen by many monarchists as the king, renounced his claim. A high turnout watched Suarez’s centrist movement emerge as the biggest party.
A brand new Spanish Constitution re-establishing a constitutional monarchy has been passed from the country’s new parliament and approved by a referendum in 1978.
This time also attracted an Amnesty Law which saw political offenders freed but controversially allowed impunity to the perpetrators of crimes throughout the Civil War and Franco’s succeeding reign.
The army’s ongoing effect was exemplified with an attempted coup d’état on February 23.
King Juan Carlos played an important part in defusing the circumstance, denouncing the coup effort on tv and calling for the democratic transition to last. Even though shots were fired, nobody was murdered and the hostage-takers surrendered.
1982 — 2012
The monarch’s active participation in Spanish politics effectively finished with the 1982 election, which brought the Socialists to power.
Though his role was largely ceremonial, Juan Carlos has been regarded as an authoritative figure symbolizing the nation’s unity. From the mid-2000s that the king had an approval rate of over three-quarters of Spaniards.
In 2007 in an Ibero-American summit he superbly put a ranting Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez using the term”Why don’t you shut up?”.
An ill-judged elephant-hunting visit to Botswana in April 2012 attracted strong criticism for Juan Carlos. Even though it wasn’t compensated for by the taxpayer, it arrived in a time of financial crisis in Spain that saw soaring unemployment, particularly among the young.
But, his function also came to question in the first part of the decade with the embezzlement scandal involving his daughter Cristina and her husband. In the trial in 2017, she had been cleared however Inaki Urdangarin was convicted, a sentence supported on appeal.
On June 2, 2014, Juan Carlos made an inaugural speech verifying that he’d abdicate in favor of his son, the Prince of Asturias, that became murdered King Felipe VI on June 19.
His picture was damaged in 2018 when details emerged of an alleged mistress and fiscal irregularities. The ex-king announced he was retiring from official responsibilities in June 2019.
After growing calls for an investigation into alleged corruption, the royal household said it’d renounce any inheritance out of Juan Carlos in March 2020.
On August 3 after further allegations, Juan Carlos said that he was leaving the nation.