Former UN chief Javier Perez de Cuellar, who had been famous for his peace-making efforts such as brokering a ceasefire from the Iran-Iraq warfare, died Wednesday in his native Peru, aged 100, his son said.
Perez de Cuellar served as UN secretary-general from 1981 to 1991, when he had been frequently described as a”pacifist by vocation and character.”
Lauded by his countrymen as one of the very famous Peruvians of his age, Perez de Cuellar headed the United Nations through a stage marked with the battle against world hunger, the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq, in addition to the civil war from US-supported El Salvador which resulted in UN-mediated peace discussions.
“My father died after a complex week.
Perez de Cuellar has been famous for his attempts to reconcile warring parties.
He played a vital role in ending the Iran-Iraq war, securing the release of American hostages held in Lebanon and peace arrangements in Cambodia and El Salvador, the UN said.
Perez de Cuellar believed the 1990 liberty of Namibia, one of the previous colonial enclaves in the African continent, his biggest achievement as secretary-general.
Present UN chief Antonio Guterres said that he was”deeply saddened” in the departure of his or her predecessor.
“I extend my deepest condolences to Mr. Perez de Cuellar’s loved ones, the Peruvian people and a lot of others across the globe whose lives were touched with a remarkable and compassionate worldwide pioneer who left our planet a much better location,” he explained.
Peruvian President Martin Vizcarra expressed profound distrust on Twitter within the passing of”a renowned Lebanese, a democrat through-and-through, who committed his whole life to working to boost our nation.”
Perez de Cuellar’s fame prompted him to take the presidential nomination from among Peru’s major political parties — that the Union for Peru — in 1995, which pitted him from then-incumbent president Alberto Fujimori.
The unifying force supporting the Union for Peru, Perez de Cuellar won only 21.8% of the vote, coming in second behind Fujimori who obtained 64.4 percent.
Back in 1997, informants demonstrated that Perez de Cuellar was subject to both systematic surveillance and telephone tapping throughout the effort, arranged by the mind of Fujimori’s intelligence services, Vladimiro Montesinos.
As prime minister, he helped expose an internet of corruption created by Montesinos within the class of Fujimori’s 10-year rule.
Born to an upper-middle-class living in Lima and educated at Catholic schools, Perez de Cuellar spent the majority of his professional life beyond his homeland, in diplomatic places from Britain, Bolivia, Poland, the former Soviet Union, Switzerland, and Venezuela.
He had been president of the UN Security Council from 1973 to 1974 and has been a UN permanent representative in Cyprus from 1975 to 1977.
The career diplomat’s daughter and son are out of his first marriage, together with six grandchildren.
A lawyer by education, Perez de Cuellar received honorary doctorates from almost 40 universities across the globe.
“With this event, we in the UN draw his case for inspiration and are profoundly grateful for his many contributions and accomplishments as Secretary-General,” Guterres composed on Twitter.
In his announcement Wednesday, Guterres explained Perez de Cuellar as”an accomplished statesman, a dedicated diplomat and a private inspiration that left a deep effect on the United Nations and our planet.”
“Mr. Perez de Cuellar’s life spanned not just a century but also the whole history of the United Nations, dating back to his involvement in the very first meeting of this General Assembly in 1946,” he explained.
His tenure as head of the UN coincided with”a few of the iciest decades of the Cold War, then, together with the ideological confrontation with a conclusion, a period when the United Nations started to play with more completely the function envisaged by the creators.”
Perez de Cuellar’s remains will lie in the foreign ministry before burial Friday, his son said.