Last updated on August 26, 2019
The suggested place — close to the regional towns of Balikpapan and Samarinda — is a place at”minimal” risk of natural disasters, in which the government owns some 180,000 hectares (445,000 acres) of land,” he added.
“The place is extremely strategic — it is in the middle of Indonesia and near metropolitan areas,” Widodo said in a televised speech.
“The weight Jakarta is holding right now is too thick as the center of governance, company, finance, services, and trade,” he added.
The announcement ends months of speculation regarding if Widodo would follow on the long-mooted program — it had been spanned from the newly independent nation’s founding father Sukarno over half a century past.
Changing from problem-plagued Jakarta would likewise transfer Indonesia’s energy base off Java island, where roughly half of the sprawling archipelago’s 260 million individuals reside.
“Transferring off the capital Java is a gesture which intends to solidify unity,” stated Jakarta-based political threat analyst Kevin O’Rourke.
“Jakarta will be a megacity — as a center for finance and trade — for a couple more decades, but finally it’s at acute risk to climate change,” he added.
A bill for its planned move is now introduced to parliament, Widodo said.
Called Kalimantan, Indonesia’s part of Borneo — that the island that it shares with Malaysia and Brunei — is home to essential mining activities in addition to rainforests, and is among those very few places on Earth with orangutans in their natural habitat.
“The authorities should be certain the new capital isn’t constructed in conservation or secure place,” said Greenpeace Indonesia campaigner Jasmine Putri.
The area has also been blanketed in choking haze from yearly forest fires that ravage vast swathes of property.
“Along with the transfer will not automatically free Jakarta of issues such as flood, traffic jams along with rapid urbanization,” he added.
Concerns have jumped across the long run of Jakarta — a town known”th Big Durian” following the pungent, spiky fruit which deeply divides enthusiasts and detractors.
Constructed on swampland, the town is just one of those fastest-sinking cities in the world, with experts caution that one-third of it might be submerged by 2050 if current rates continue. The issue is mostly linked to excess groundwater extraction.
However, the city of 10 million — a number that bloats to roughly 30 million together with surrounding satellite towns — is plagued by a host of other ills, from eye-watering traffic jams and pollution into the probability of flooding and earthquakes.
Indonesia isn’t the first Southeast Asian nation to move its funding.
Myanmar and Malaysia have moved their seat of government, while Brazil, Pakistan, and Nigeria are among the countries that have shifted their capital towns.