It marks the first time Rouhani has jeopardized Europe amid worries with the US, which further withdrew from the bargain in 2018 under President Donald Trump.
Russia also condemned the European movement, cautioning it risked causing a”brand new escalation”.
Dispute resolution mechanism
Britain, France and Germany insisted that they remained dedicated to the arrangement, which has been seriously examined by the US exit from the accord.
But as their announcement was published, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson signaled he would prefer an extensive accord negotiated with US President Donald Trump rather than this 2015 deal.
The choice to start the so-called dispute mechanism procedure comes as tensions soar between the West and Iran after the killing of high commander Qassem Soleimani at a US attack, and the entrance by Tehran days afterward it had inadvertently shot down a Ukrainian airliner.
The foreign ministers of the three European countries said Iran was climbing back its responsibilities under the bargain since May this past year.
“We’ve therefore been left without an option, provided Iran’s activities,” to start the dispute process, their statement said.
In Moscow, the Russian foreign ministry said that it saw”no justification for such a movement”.
“We don’t rule out that the careless action of the Europeans can result in a different escalation across the Iranian nuclear accord,” it said in a statement.
‘Accept the effects’
The 2015 nuclear deal signed in Vienna — called The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) — includes a provision that enables a party to maintain substantial non-compliance by a different party in front of a joint commission.
In case the problem isn’t solved by the commission, then it goes to an advisory board and finally to the UN Security Council, which could reimpose sanctions.
Iran had intensified sensitive actions to enrich uranium, which is utilized to create a nuclear weapon, even in reaction to Trump’s pulling from this offer.
However, Tehran lashed out in the European nations and seemed to sabotage unspecified retaliation.
“Of course, if the Europeans… search to misuse (this procedure ), they need to also be ready to take the results,” the foreign ministry said in a statement.
‘Back to complete compliance’
However, the 3 forces stated they”once more state our dedication” to the agreement and voiced”conclusion to work together with participants to conserve it.”
“We would expect to bring Iran back to full compliance with its responsibilities under the JCPoA,” they stated.
The accord aimed to limit Iran’s nuclear ambitions, which Western powers feared were targeted at creating weapons, in exchange for sanctions relief.
The three states said they wouldn’t combine” an effort to execute maximum strain against Iran” championed by Trump.
However, Johnson said he’d be eager to work on a”Trump bargain” to substitute the JCPoA, that was negotiated with the government of former President Barack Obama.
“That is what we will need to see. I believe that is a fantastic way ahead,” Johnson said, noting that”in the American standpoint it (that the 2015 bargain ) is a flawed agreement”
British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab denied that Johnson’s remarks represented a change, stating London endorsed the nuclear deal whilst at the same time needing a larger pact that goes beyond Iran’s nuclear drive to cover most of the controversial issues.
The European Union’s diplomatic chief Josep Borrell stated it was”more important than ” to conserve the 2015 Iranian atomic bargain” in light of their continuing dangerous escalations from the Middle East.”
Borrell informed the European Parliament from the French city of Strasbourg who”the British prime minister said matters in contradiction with the correspondence conducted by the (EU) foreign ministers.”
“Struggling to conserve the deal is only going to add to tensions in the area. Imagine for a second what could be the situation now had Iran atomic weapons — and they’d have managed to acquire people with no JCPoA”, ” he explained.
Iran has pledged retribution within the United States’ killing of Soleimani at a drone assault in Baghdad.
Analysts said establishing the deal’s dispute resolution mechanism provides Europe the benefit of taking charge of this procedure, but cautioned that the movement could also backfire.