Researchers have found that communicating between African penguins adheres to a number of the linguistic rules which also characterize human language.
The same as people, penguins use keywords instead of long ones – whereas more words comprise a string of shorter syllables.
It’s the first time that investigators have noticed that the two ancestral laws which belong to individual language – called Zipf’s Law of Brevity and also the Menzerath–Altmann Law – out of primates.
The group behind the research analyzed 590 outspoken sequences of 28 adult African penguins during breeding, understanding and territorial Treaty cases, also observed these critters follow two ancestral laws that appeal to human language: Zipf’s Law of Brevity and the Menzerath–Altmann Law.
“We demonstrated the very same principles of human speech use to the communication of those African penguins, whose noises remind people of donkeys”, stated Dr. Livio Favaro, among the authors of this research and researcher at the University of Turin.
“You will find universal statistical patterns which describe why, in human languages, phrases which we tend to use more frequently are shorter, longer compacted.
Jackass penguins don’t talk the same way people do since they don’t have any syntax or semantics, yet they understand how to express themselves when communicating with different individuals.
“We have demonstrated that this particular selection which prioritizes compression interacts with a particular sequence for which penguins tend to maintain a particular language, a longer one, to display their lung capacity, and also to give themselves a feeling of energy [or] to demonstrate they are good parents.”
“So, proportionally, they are inclined to keep some more syllables and also the compression doesn’t happen on most of the vocal repertoire.”
Since this attribute is shared between species, scientists also feel that these sorts of patterns are somewhat universal.
They aren’t found just in an intricate communication system such as the human language, but they exist also in simpler types because the requirement of conveying information most effectively runs across all of the animal species.