The Nobel Prizes will be Given this week, Beginning with All the Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday.
The prize was given on Monday to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza” for their discoveries of the cells adapt to oxygen accessibility”
Both Americans and one Brit are in the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Oxford University, and Johns Hopkins University.
“This prize is for three physician-scientists who discovered that the molecular switch that modulates our cells accommodate when oxygen levels fall,” explained Prof Randall Johnson, a part of the Nobel Assembly and professor at Cambridge University, who explained the history of the laureates’ work.
The prize sum is 9 million Swedish kronor (approximately $830,000). Each day that week, another prize will be given.
The Nobel Peace Prize will be given on Friday.
The prize in physiology or medicine was given annually together to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo, for every finding proteins which serve as a brake on the immune system.
Both discoveries demonstrated how arming fractures on the immune system may be utilized in the treatment of cancer.
So far, the newest Nobel Laureate to acquire the prize in medicine or physiology is Frederick G. Banting who had been given the prize in medicine in 1923 when he was only 32-years-old. The earliest laureate is Peyton Rous who was 87 years old when he had been given the trophy in 1966.
Only 12 girls are given the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine from 216 recipients.