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What’s dexamethasone, the new medication being used to treat COVID-19?

Dexamethasone, a cheap, widely-available steroid, is the most recent drug touted by specialists in the UK as a potential remedy for COVID-19, together with evidence indicating it can effectively reduce deaths from the virus up to a third in severely-ill patients.

After investigators at the University of Oxford declared the headline effects on Tuesday – with the complete results to be published later this month – that the British authorities promptly resisted its use in treating coronavirus patients.

It is not the first time throughout the coronavirus pandemic – that has murdered 438,000 people globally – that medication was touted as a remedy for COVID-19, famously from the U.S. President Donald Trump, that controversially tweeted he had been carrying the anti-malarial medication hydroxychloroquine.

Interestingly, it had been the very same researchers in Oxford that demonstrated hydroxychloroquine didn’t work that indicated that dexamethasone could.

“That is the dream,” explained Nick Cammack, a virus specialist at the Wellcome Trust, a British charity which supports research, including that the medication was used for decades to different ailments. “It is very straightforward to create there’s no reason this can not be rolled out to the whole world.”

Thus, what’s dexamethasone?
It’s a steroid, that is usually utilized to decrease inflammation, an integral source of death in coronavirus sufferers since the lungs swell to resist the disease.

While the World Health Organization cautions against using steroids early on through therapy for the virus – since they could impede the struggle against the disease – at the late-stages, they are sometimes effective.

“Early on, you are combating with the virus and you would like your immune system to become intact as possible,” Dr. Anthony Fauci, the U.S.’s leading disease specialist, said on Tuesday.

The results found from the Oxford research make”perfect sense” with this particular notion, ” he explained.

Primarily, naturally, it’s been shown to save lives: more than four months, Oxford University discovered that it had decreased deaths in 35 percent of patients who had therapy with breathing machines and from 20 percent in people needing supplemental oxygen.

Researchers estimated that the medication would prevent 1 death for every eight patients treated while on breathing machines and one for every 25 patients on additional oxygen.

“Those are large effects,” stated one research leader, Dr. Martin Landray in Oxford. “It is not a cure, but it is surely quite a way ahead”

Another crucial advantage of dexamethasone is the fact that it’s economical: as small as 25 euros for a complete course. As Cammack, in the Wellcome Trust, stated, the medication can be widely available and could be simple to make and roll out globally.

Are there any drawbacks?
Aside from the fact that the medication is only helpful in treating severely ill patients, you will find side-effects in using steroids, such as weight gain, higher blood pressure, water retention, mood changes, sleep issues, and an increase in blood glucose for those who have diabetes.

Some experts also have indicated that the mortality rates throughout the analysis were high: 41 percent of these on breathing machines and 25 percent on oxygen died.

“The mortality rate appears to be far higher than it’s at the U.S.,” in which one recent analysis found that a death rate of 12 percent, though that was just after two months versus four in the united kingdom study, stated Dr. Peter Bach, a health policy specialist at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre in New York.